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germany About Germany

About Germany

germany map min - About GermanyGermany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany is a federal parliamentary republic in western-central Europe. The country consists of 16 states and its capital and largest city is Berlin. Germany covers an area of 357,021 square kilometers (137,847 sq mi) and has a largely temperate seasonal climate. With 80.6 million inhabitants, it is the most populous member state in the European Union. Germany is the major economic and political power of the European continent and a historic leader in many cultural, theoretical and technical fields.

Beginning in the 10th century, German territories formed a central part of the Holy Roman Empire. During the 16th century, northern German regions became the centre of the Protestant Reformation.

Germany has the world’s fourth-largest economy by nominal GDP and the fifth-largest by purchasing power parity. As a global leader in several industrial and technological sectors, it is the second-largest exporter and third-largest importer of goods. It is a developed country with a very high standard of living, featuring comprehensive social security that includes the world’s oldest universal health care system. Germany was a founding member of the European Community in 1957, which became the EU in 1993. It is part of the Schengen Area, and has been a member of the euro zone since 1999. Germany is a great power and is a member of the United Nations, NATO, the G8, the G20, the OECD and the Council of Europe.

Federal Republic of Germany
Bundesrepublik Deutschland
Flag Coat of Arms
Capital
and largest city
Berlin
52°31′N 13°23′E
Official languages German
Ethnic groups
  • 81% Germans, 7% other Europeans
  • 4% Turks,2% Asian,6% others
Demonym German
Government Federal parliamentary constitutional republic
  President Joachim Gauck
  Chancellor Angela Merkel
Formation
  Holy Roman Empire 2 February 1962
  German Confederation 8 June 1815
  Unification 18 January 1871
  Federal Republic 23 May 1949
  Founded the EEC
(now the European Union)
1 January 1958
  Reunification 3 October 1990
Area
  Total 357,168 km2 (63rd)
137,847 sq mi
  Water (%) 2.416
Population
  2014 estimate 80,209,997 (16th)
  2011 census 80,219,695 (16th)
  Density 225/km2 (58th)
583/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2014 estimate
  Total $3.338 trillion (5th)
  Per capita $41,248 (15th)
GDP (nominal) 2014 estimate
  Total $3.876 trillion (4th)
  Per capita $47,893 (18th)
Gini (2011) 29.0 -low
HDI (2013) 0.920-very high · 5th
Currency Euro (€) (EUR)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Drives on the right
Calling code 49
Internet TLD .de