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uk1-min About UK

About UK

Demography

    ukmap min - About UK
  • Population: 51.4 million (2008)
  • Population Density (inhabitant/km2): 388 (average), 4,761 (Greater London – highest), 61 (Northumberland – lowest)
  • Largest Cities (pop. in million): London (12m), Birmingham (2.5m), Manchester (2.5m), Liverpool (1.3m), Nottingham (0.75m)
  • Home Ownership: 69%
  • Urban Population: 93%
  • Houses with central heating: 91.1%
  • Life Expectancy: 79.5 (average), 77.5 years (men), 81.7 years (women) (2007)
  • Birth Rate: 10.8 births/1,000 population (2004 est.)
  • Death Rate: 10.2 deaths/1,000 population (2004 est.)
  • Ethnic Composition: Caucasians (90%), South Asian (5.3%), Black (2.6%), Mixed (1.7%), Chinese (0.7%), others (0.6%)
  • Official Language: English
  • Major Religions: Christian (71.7%), Atheist or no religion (22.5%), Muslim (3%), Hindu (1%), Sikh (0.6%), Jewish (0.5%)

Geography

  • Area: 130,395 sq km
  • Coastline: 3,246 km
  • Highest Peak: Scafell Pike (979m / 3,210ft)
  • Lowest Elevation: Fenland ( -4m / -15ft)

Economy

  • Monetary unit: Pound Sterling (£, GBP)
  • Fiscal Year: 1 April – 31 March
  • GDP (nominal): US$2.2 trillion (2006)
  • GDP per capita at PPP: US$44,000 (2006)
  • GDP – real growth rate: 1.1% (UK, 2009)
  • Inflation (consumer prices): 3.8 % (UK, 2009)
  • Unemployment: 7.9 % (UK, 2009)
  • Public Debt (% of GDP): 47.5 (UK, 2008 – CIA)
  • Main Industries: Banking and finance, steel, transport equipment, oil and gas, coal, tourism
  • Main Exports: Beverages, chemicals, food, fuels, manufactured goods, tobacco
  • Main Trading Partners: Germany, USA, France, Netherlands, Belgium, Italy, Ireland

Government

  • Type of Government: Parliamentary Monarchy
  • Parliamentary System: Bicameral Diet (House of Commons and House of Lords)
  • Administrative Division: 9 regions divided in 82 counties (including 35 shires, 7 metropolitan counties and 40 unitary authorities)
  • Capital: London
  • Head of State: Queen Elizabeth II (since 1952)
  • Prime Minister: David Cameron (since 2010)

Miscellaneous

  • Time Zone: GMT/UTC 0
  • Electricity: 230V AC, 50Hz
  • Weights & measures: Metric
  • Internet domain: .co.uk
  • International dialling code: +44

Web link : http://www.eupedia.com/england/fact_sheet_england.shtml
Updated : June 2012

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain, is a sovereign state located off the northwestern coast of continental Europe. The country includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the UK that shares a land border with another state—the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the UK is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean in the west and north, the North Sea in the east, the English Channel in the south, and the Irish Sea in the west.

The UK’s form of government is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary system and its capital city is London. It is one of the Commonwealth Realms. The United Kingdom consists of four countries: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. The latter three have devolved administrations, each with varying powers, based in their capital cities, Edinburgh, Cardiff and Belfast, respectively. Guernsey, Jersey and the Isle of Man are Crown dependencies and are not part of the UK. The United Kingdom has fourteen British Overseas Territories. These are remnants of the British Empire which, at its height in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, encompassed almost a quarter of the world’s land mass and was the largest empire in history. British influence can be observed in the language, culture and legal systems of many of its former colonies.

The United Kingdom is a developed country and has the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP and the eighth – largest economy by purchasing power parity. It was the world’s first industrialized country and the world’s foremost power during the 19th and early 20th centuries. The UK remains a great power with considerable economic, cultural, military, scientific and political influence internationally.

The UK has been a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council since its first session in 1946. It has been a member of the European Union (EU) and its predecessor the European Economic Community (EEC) since 1973; it is also a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the Council of Europe, the G7, the G8, the G20, NATO, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and the World Trade Organization (WTO).