Education in Canada is provided, funded & overseen by provincial and local government.
Canada only country in OECD not to have national education department
Education constitutionally provincial responsibility and rigorously guarded
Much of provincial policy interest stimulated by need for skilled workers/PR
Types of Canadian Institutions :
Definition of Degrees
Undergraduate programs leading to a bachelor’s degree generally require three or four years of full-time study, depending on the province.
Master’s or Graduate Studies or Post Graduate Diploma
Master’s degrees generally require at least 2 years of full-time studies including a thesis (a long essay based on original research), practicum or research paper.
Doctoral, or PhD
Doctoral programs require a minimum of 2-5 years of full-time study.
Semester 2 or 3
Small, medium, large institutions
3-and 4-year degrees, Master’s, PhDs, Professional
Fixed Admission requirements
One to Two intakes primarily-Sept/Jan
Over 90 Universities in Canada
University of Toronto, University of Western Ontario, Memorial University, Dalhousie University, University of Alberta etc
University Colleges :
Offers University degrees as well as college diplomas and certificate programs.
They may also offer combined degree diploma programs and university transfer programs.
Their strong student support services, small classes and strong campus environment distinguish University Colleges. Examples –
Algoma University College, Huron University College, Kings University College
Ex – Malaspina University College, Kwantlen University College, University College of Cape Breton etc
Community Colleges :
Diploma Certificate, Applied Degree programs, university transfer
College, Institute of Technology, Cégep
135 across Canada
Very engaged internationally
Programs industry driven, hands on
Since they prepare a student to be job ready many Indian students are attracted to applying to Community Colleges in Canada.
Centennial, Humber, Seneca, Niagara, Cambrian, Sheridan, George Brown, SAIT, Langara, Douglas, Red River, New Brunswick Community College, College of North Atlantic etc.
Career Colleges :
Short-term, specialized training
Focus on popular subject areas
Almost all are private
Business, Technology, Service Industries, Arts
Vancouver Film School, Art & Design Institute, Le Cordon Bleu, RCIT, Alexander College, Columbia College, Niagara on the Lake Culinary School etc
Cooperative Education :
Earn While You Learn
Co-op students are allowed work for the designated terms
Institutions help you obtain employment authorization to work
International Students are allowed to take up off campus jobs of upto 20hrs/week
Work in Canada as a Student:
Work on-campus or off-campus to a maximum of 20 hours per week
Work full time during study breaks
Post Graduate Work allows you to get Canadian work experience