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australia About Australia

About Australia

Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands. It is the world’s sixth-largest country by total area. Neighboring countries include Indonesia, East Timor and Papua New Guinea to the north; the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu and New Caledonia to the northeast; and New Zealand to the southeast.

On 1st January 1901, the six colonies federated, forming the Commonwealth of Australia. Since Federation, Australia has maintained a stable liberal democratic political system that functions as a federal parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy. The federation comprises six states and several territories. The population of 23.1 million is highly urbanized and heavily concentrated in the eastern states.

A highly developed country and one of the wealthiest, Australia is the world’s 12th-largest economy and has the world’s fifth-highest per capita income. Australia’s military expenditure is the world’s 13th-largest. With the second-highest human development index globally, Australia ranks highly in many international comparisons of national performance, such as quality of life, health, education, economic freedom, and the protection of civil liberties and political rights. Australia is a member of the G20, OECD, WTO, APEC, UN, Commonwealth of Nations, ANZUS, and the Pacific Islands Forum.

Fact sheet:

Capital Canberra
Largest city Sydney
Official languages None
National Language English
Demonym Australian, Aussie
Government

  • Monarch
  • Governor General
  • Prime Minister
  • Chief Justice
Federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy

  • Elizabeth II
  • Quentin Bryce
  • Kevin Rudd
  • Beverley McLachlin
Legislature

  • Upper house
  • Lower house
Parliament

  • Senate
  • House of Representatives
Area- Total

– Water (%)

7,692,024 km22,969,907 sq mi
Population- 2013 estimate

– 2011 Census

23,162,34221,507,717
Density 2.8/km2, 7.3/sq mi
Currency Australian Dollar ($) (AUD)
Time zone- Summer (DST) (UTC+8 to +10.5)(UTC+8 to +11.5)
Date format DD-mm-yyyy
Calling code +61
ISO 3166 code AU
Internet TLD .au